States Rights vs Individual Rights - Why Abraham Lincoln sided with Human Rights ?? - Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Lyndon Baines Johnson - Teddy Roosevelt prophet of Human Rights ??
There is a discussion of States Rights versus Individual Rights - In Europe the tensions were between the Commons and the Nobility - The kings sided with the Commons in order to be stronger against the Nobles. That is a good part of European History.
I guess the Federal Government has protected the individual and continues protecting the rights of the Individual against the power of the States ( that are managed by a few powerful individuals with selfish economic interests )
Of course George W. Bush may be a walking contradiction against my theory. ... - Because Individual Rights seem to have been diminished by that president.
We have also seen lately that the Federal Government and the Department of Justice can intervene and reverse court decisions in States, using new trials in Federal Courts, Hate Crime Laws and other Legalities. This is another chapter of protecting Human Rights. Because Hate Crime laws makes the Federal Government more powerful in defense of the individual.
It has been said that Abraham Lincoln was a racist like any White Man of his origin, but since he was abused and dominated by a father, something ticked in his mind, and his main motivation after he reached middle age was pity, compassion and commiseration for the lot of the Black Man, Lincoln felt a lot of identification with the Black Man, he saw himself in Blacks, there may have been other emotions in Lincoln's mind, but he was always a martyr, sacrificing himself for a cause.
Intelligence was extremely important in Lincoln's saga but the mistreatment by his father was a detonator in his brain.
I want to be humble - I do not pretend to be a Historian or expert - I may be wrong and lost in Fantasies, so please correct me about the Development of American History. But for me Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Lyndon Baines Johnson, etc ... seem to have worked for the benefit of the individual rights and not for States Rights.
Even Teddy Roosevelt in his presidential campaign speech of 1912 seems to have mapped a future of Federal Intervention for the individual - This was a speech on Health Care Systems and protection of Human Beings. .... His speech implies Civil Rights, even if he does not mention Blacks or Races.
It is ironic that Teddy Roosevelt, considered such a horrible Imperialist, was also a man of compassion and feelings for poor European Immigrants and for Women ( at least in 1912 ), but that identification had big implications and inspirations for the following American History during the 20 century.